The 1870s

1870   1871   1872   1873   1874  
1875   1876   1877   1878   1879  


President Fremont signed and gave his approval for the new Department of Justice, intending to increase court fairness. Meanwhile, the CSA was limiting rights with the new Jim Crow Laws, legislation meant to deny blacks political power. Fremont wanted to avoid war and remain with his 'peace-keeper' slogan, thus all he could do was wag his finger in shame.


In the United States, 1871 was the year of political corruption. The Credit Mobilier Scam took place, where company stockholder corruption was traced back to the McClellan administration. Fremont launched an investigation into other corruption and managed to catch a second business fraud scheme. He made a speech denouncing the scandals and their ringleaders, skyrocketing his popularity.


From his involvment in corruption scandals, Vice President Colfax chose not to run again for his position. Fremont's hands were clean, and because of this, was able to win his party's nomination easily. His challenger was Democrat Jeremiah S. Black, former Secretary of State. President Fremont won handily and prepared new confrontation with the CSA.


Regular meetings were conducted between the two American presidents, though usually not much was gained. New legislation was no longer being drafted in the CSA after a fierce political battle broke out between President Stephens and his rivals in Congress. To make matters worse, the Panic of 1873 broke out due in part from an absence of silver demand. Bank failures broke out, strikes plagued the Americas, and for the first time since the beginning of his administration, President Fremont was unsure how to proceed.


Conservatives in the US Congress blamed Fremont for the crash, claiming his "absence of leadership" doomed the country. Unfortunately for Fremont, his supporters blamed the conservatives, resulting in little action. President Fremont has his Secretary of Treasury purchase millions of dollars of bonds with gold and soon after legalized greenback tender, resulting in a temporary monetary equilibrium.


Inactivity in the CSA government led to the founding of a States' Rights Party and a growing ill-sentiment with President Stephens. The Confederate dollar was nearly worthless by mid-1875 and their de-facto currency was now the US dollar. Stephens had not backed the currency by anything, exterminating its value. Extreme job loss led to a series of riots in Eastern Texas. The Texas government decided to declare secession from the CSA in October and declare themselves as the 'Texan Republic'.


In January, it was discovered that the slave trade had picked up again in Cuba, therefore breaking international agreements. In response, Spain declared war on the CSA. Almost immediately after, Lousiana declared secession and the United States and Cuba allied with Spain against the CSA. Troops landed in Havana, Cuba and defeated the loyalist Cubans and Confederates. At the same time as the Cuban invasion, Texan forces were closing in on Mississippi. US troops had already descended through South Carolina by March. In a fast decision, President Fremont chose to run for a third term, and easily defeated Governor Horatio Seymour.


Cuba had been liberated by 1877 and the war in Florida was spedily reaching its end. In April, a youth rally in Miami, florida led to the peaceful transition of the state to the United States. Georgia had been breached and the Confederate President was cornered in his Savannah home. The Treaty of Atlanta was signed in September, formally ending the CSA and allowing all allocated states to return to the Union by 1880.


Plans for 'Reconstruction' began in 1878 with plans to restore the South to pre-1860 standards. Before the end of the year, every state but South Carolina and Georgia voted to return to the Union. Treaties were drafted between the United States and the Texan Republic. As President Fremont declared, "No longer is the time for war. We must make peace with our neighbors now." Coming back from a goodwill trip through North Carolina, Fremont was shot twice in his shoulder. He survived, but lost feeling in his right side.


New political parties formed in the US as new ideas were spreading fast. The States' Rights Party found a meek foothold in Congress, but Republicans now had the most approval of any party since its founding. Reconstruction continued throughout the South as the economy improved from European investment.